7 Risk Factors of DVT and Ways Prevent Them – The Uplift News

7 Risk Factors of DVT and Ways Prevent Them

Deep vein thrombosis or DVT occurs due to the formation of blood clots in the veins, usually in the legs. In certain cases, the blood clot can affect a vein in the pelvic region as well. This disease is a serious condition that requires urgent treatment since complications can develop quickly within a month. Here are some of the common risk factors of DVT and ways to prevent them.

  1. Inactivity
    Prolonged sedentary lifestyle or inactivity is one of the major causes of DVT. Being inactive for long periods can cause blood to build up in the pelvic area and the lower limbs. This can slow down the blood flow, especially in the legs. This further increases the risk of developing clots. One way to prevent this is to exercise regularly. Physical therapy involving the legs and pelvic areas can be useful, for those unable to exercise due to mobility issues
  2. Surgery or injury
    Surgery or injury can cause serious vein damage. The use of general anesthetics can widen the veins increasing the chances of blood pooling and clotting. Consult a doctor to understand what precautions can be taken to avoid this and prevent the risk of deep vein thrombosis.
  3. Birth control medications
    These are hormone-based medications. Those who are undergoing hormone replacement therapy are also at a high risk of DVT. Blood clotting and deep vein thrombosis are often the side effects of these medications. It is advisable to consult a physician to understand how this side effect can be prevented.
  4. Cancer
    Breast cancer, colon cancer, and pancreatic cancer have been linked with deep vein thrombosis. Certain forms of cancer procedures and therapies also increase the risk of DVT. Chemotherapy, surgery, and the use of central venous catheter have been known to cause deep vein thrombosis. While these risk factors cannot be avoided, consult with a medical expert as to how to avoid any blood clots from progressing into DVT.
  5. Pregnancy
    With the fetus developing inside the uterus, the pressure on the veins of the pelvis and legs increases overtime during pregnancy. The risk of DVT is higher until six weeks after delivery. Women who have genetic blood disorder like hereditary antithrombin disorder are at a higher risk. A gynecologist will be able to provide assistance in the prevention of DVT during pregnancy.
  6. IBD
    People with irritable bowel syndrome or disorder have a higher chance of deep vein thrombosis. Those who have frequent IBD flare-ups are at a higher risk. A doctor can recommend long-term anticoagulation therapy to lower the risk of DVT.
  7. Varicose veins
    The veins become enlarged and misshapen. There are no health hazards associated with varicose veins. However, the risk of DVT still persists. It can be easily prevented by getting timely treatment for varicose veins.

Dorothy Boyd

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